India has some of the world’s most spectacular monuments. These include the world renown Taj Mahal, the ancient temples, and the breathtaking Mughal architecture among other spectacles that make touring India a veritable must-have bucket list item. Below is a list of the must-see monuments that India has to offer.
1. The Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is arguably the most famous and popular monument in India. If you are participating in an India tour, this is the one place you cannot afford to miss. The monumental spectacle is constructed exclusively with white marble and is the most easily recognizable landmark in India. It is said that the Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan to express his love for his wife. It is situated in Agra, one of the “Golden Triangle” cities.
2. Qutub Minar
Qutub Minar is situated in Delhi and is one of India’s famed historical sites. It is an imposing tower that rises 73 metres skyward, making it one of the tallest historical towers in the world according to UNESCO.
To understand the history of this minaret, visitors can browse the inscriptions that are inscribed on it using Parso-Arabic and Nagari language. The imposing tower was built in the nineteenth century by Qutub Ud-Din-Aibak.
3. Amer Fort
Amer Fort is located in Rajasthan in a town called Amer, which is about 4 square kilometres. It is another highly popular monument in India. The fort is perched atop Cheel ka Teela, a hill that is surrounded by the breathtaking Maota Lake. The captivating architecture, the exquisite marble and the red sandstone that is used to construct the fort make it one of the most visually-appealing spectacles you will ever set your eyes on.
This expansive fort has some mystical history that include the charming Sheesh Mahal, Diwan-i-aam, and Diwan-i-Khaas. While visiting the Amer fort, you might consider navigating a hidden tunnel that winds through bends before revealing the Jaigarh Fort.
4. Ajanta and Ellora Caves
Ajanta and Ellora Caves are situated in Maharashtra. You can’t visit India without seeing some form of Buddhist architecture. These spellbinding caves feature unique rock-hewn sculptures that portray ancient Indian art in a most enthralling way.
The UNESCO World Heritage site was discovered in 1819 and portrays the various past lives and rebirths of Buddha in different shades of murals and sculptures. You simply cannot leave India without visiting the Ajanta and Ellora caves!
5. Virupaksha Temple
Karnataka hosts some of India’s world famous temples. Among these is Virupaksha Temple, which is situated in Hampi, arguably among the most breathtaking monuments in India. While visiting the temple, you will feast your eyes on the impeccable sculptures of Lord Shiva that have been carved on rocks. The temple was built during the reign of Deva Raya II who ruled the great Vijayanagara Empire.
To make your visit to this UNESCO World Heritage monument even more memorable, plan your visits to coincide with the annual festivals of chariot, Pampa, and Virupaksha that are held in Hampi.
Located in Tamil Nadu, Mahabalipuram, is another spectacular temple site dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is also highly popular with tourists visiting India. This is perhaps informed by its antique carved rocks that blend with cave sanctuaries and the chariots to make Mahabalipuram one of India’s must-see historical site. The temple was constructed during the 7th century by the Pallavas dynasty.
Among the most popular features is the Shore Temple, which is specifically dedicated to Lord Shiva and features an architectural design that infuses the powerful Dravidian and Tamil Nadu influences with Buddhist architecture.
This is just a microcosm of the many monuments that India has to offer. Depending on the length of your visit to India, you will be spoiled for choice from the wide array of world-renowned monuments that make visiting India a must-have destination on your bucket list.